They are also very easy to care for. It’s a very hardy eel-like fish that can easily withstand minor changes in its aquatic environment. They are best kept in small groups of three. A schooling species. Long-finned and extra red morphs are available. They are very peaceful and are usually just lounging around the aquarium, looking for scraps of food. Betta fish, also known as Siamese fighting fish, are a gorgeous breed of territorial fish that hail from the shallow rice paddies of Southeast Asia, particularly Thailand and Cambodia. Requires space to swim; not suitable for nano tanks in spite of its small size. best kept alone or in groups of 5 or more. Peaceful and dwells at the top of the tank in schools. best kept either alone, or in groups of 5 or more individuals. Everyday is a school day in this hobby. Lack of oxygen | Hungry | Why? This list gives some examples of the most common species found in home aquariums, List of freshwater aquarium amphibian species, List of freshwater aquarium invertebrate species, List of freshwater aquarium plant species, List of marine aquarium invertebrate species, The Aquarium Wiki Encyclopaedia List of Freshwater aquarium fish,,,, "Everything You Need to Know About the Bristlenose Catfish", "Phractocephalus hemioliopterus (Red-tail Catfish)", "Hyphessobrycon megalopterus summary page", "Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi summary page",, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with incomplete citations from September 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. They are often considered as a fairly difficult fish to take care of due to their strict needs. Reef fish: As you may have already guessed, reef fish are species that live either within or in close range of coral reef systems. They also prefer floating plants. The oscar cichlid is fast growing and can grow to a very large size when mature, and therefore should be housed in a large aquarium. Threadfins have very tiny mouths and cannot compete well with other fish for food. Minute thread-like plants that lack chlorophyll. This yet to be officially named species is intermediate in scale count between gibberosa and frontosa. a number of similar Pangio species are sold under the same name. They can not handle a high amount of shifts of salt content in water and the organism's tolerance for salt content depends on the type of species it is. Aggressive and territorial towards other fishes especially its own kind during mating and after spawning, Kribensis, krib, many common names because of many subspecies. Freshwater ecology focuses on the relations of aquatic organisms to their freshwater habitats. Several species of panaque are popular aquarium fish. Silvertip tetras tend to be moderately aggressive and, because of their small size, should not be kept with large or aggressive fish. Oscars are quite intelligent compared to the average fish, which makes them a very good choice for those who enjoy training pets. You like a unique and colorful tank! The blind tetra needs to be in a shoal in order to show peaceful behavior, and to prevent fin nipping. To survive fresh water, the fish need a range of physiological adaptations. Often recommended for nano tanks. You like your tank filled with just a single breed of fish. One of the smallest fish in the world. Hunts and eats small shrimp. Formerly considered conspecific with the spotted sunfish. Danios: Danios is a great small fish for the beginners. These environments differ from marine conditions in many ways, the most obvious being the difference in levels of salinity. A good beginner fish, but sensitive to water quality. Oysters (cooked) P. Perch (Freshwater) Perch (Ocean) Pickerel. The easiest way to tell a Cardinal tetra from a Neon Tetra is the colorings. You have limited space at home and can only accommodate a small tank. Rounding out my top 5 favorite freshwater fish to catch is the Northern Pike! The neon tetra is a schooling fish that feels most comfortable when in groups. They like river sand in the tank because they like to cover themselves in it. Guppies. Catfish.. They are a hardy fish, and they can eat regular fish flakes. Will not thrive with larger fish. Male guppies also have very vibrant tails that look gorgeous in the light. Often confused with the pygmy gourami, but larger. This common name is used for three different species of schooling fish with similar patterns: Active, sensitive to water quality, prefers moving water. Do not keep with fast fish as the discus is a slow eater and will not fight for food. They can be kept in a community tank, though they do get a little aggressive during breeding season, so most experienced fishkeepers would recommend keeping them on their own instead. Per 3.5 ounce (100-gram) serving, striped bass … Angelfish are recognizable for their unique triangular shape and long fins. More than just a popular freshwater fish breed, zebra danios are actually perfect for complete beginners in fishkeeping, thanks to their hardiness and resilience. Stenohaline organisms are species that can only tolerate specific ranges of salinities. Like the betta fish, the kuhli loach also hails from Southeast Asia. A cardinal tetra has red coloring across the bottom of the fish from head to tail. We have a staggering collective total of 200+ Years of experience in the business between all of us who write for FishKeeping Forever. Fairly aggressive, but prefers to live in shoals. We have a complete care guide for you to read if the firemouth cichlid has peaked your interest. You like the look of this timeless freshwater fish. Like all pencilfish, males may be aggressive with each other if the tank or the group of pencilfish is too small. Adults of both sexes develop spectacular reflective scales. Peaceful when small but should not be kept with other species at adulthood. This fish will always be featured in the Top 10 Tropical Fish Lists. Unfortunately, they’re also very aggressive towards other species, which means that it’s impossible to keep them in a community tank. Good at preying on snails. A schooling species (keep in groups of 8-10). However, they are very sociable so they would do better in a community tank of at least 20 gallons with plenty of other fish species. Edible freshwater fish. Territorial; keep in groups of 6+ to diffuse aggression between males. There are two forms of communities that thrive in freshwater: the lentic and the lotic communities. It may not be easy caring for our aquatic friends, but it’s definitely worth all the effort. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Will breed in captivity. A schooling species (keep in groups). Oscars are not as common a choice as the other three so far on this list, but they definitely hold a certain charm as well. This colorful and lively fish is able to adapt to a variety of water conditions which is one of the reasons they are so popular. You want something colorful and vibrant in your community tank. Hardy and tolerant. Not a true goby, a gudgeon. High oxygen level and water quality required in addition to a strong current. Harliquin Rasboras are peaceful schooling fish that are native to Southeast Asia, specifically Thailand. This fish is generally peaceful. It can also be pretty hard to make a final decision, what with all the options out there at your disposal. They come in all sorts of color combinations which makes them a good way to make your tank one of a kind. You’re interested in seeing their bright red color! About 265 species are considered native to the state, which includes 245 described species and 20 species that have not yet been formally described by ichthyologists. Siamese fighting fish (sometimes Betta, esp. When they live in fresh water, their bodies tend to take up water because the environment is relatively hypotonic, as illustrated in Figure 1. Bred in captivity but often badly inbred, making them less hardy and susceptible to diseases. You like their aesthetics and would like to get some pops of color into your community tank. More aggressive with members of its own species than most pencilfish. Likely the most aggressive sunfish. In such hypotonic environments, these fish do not drink much water. Bloodfin Tetras: This fish is mainly identified by its shining silver body and red fins. Angelfish are not as hardy as other cichlids and should not be kept with small fish such as neon tetras. While they’re peaceful enough to be kept in a community tank, their ideal water temperature does need to be cooler than what other fish can take which makes it hard to house them with others outside their own breeds. Sometimes called purple sleeper goby. Shrimp. These fisheries are both a source of subsistence for local … Mullet. They’re quite hardy but still difficult to care for since they have very specific needs that have to be met including, but not limited to, consistent temperature and lots of protein. Like the cory cats and other catfish, they’re also bottom-dwellers and eat scrap food at the bottom of the tank. Breeding pairs leap to deposit eggs on overhanging leaves; may jump out of uncovered tanks. Although they are smaller than the tiger shovelnose, these catfish are extremely aggressive and extremely fast. Hanna has researched freshwater fish in African streams and birds that live near freshwater ecosystems in Canada. often sold as freshwater fish, but this species actually thrives in brackish water and may even require saltwater when reaches adulthood, often sold as freshwater fish, but this species prefers brackish water, Very hard to feed it anything but live food, Despite the name, this is not an "eel" but rather a huge knifefish; illegal to possess in some areas; dangerous; very large adult size, Encyclopedia of Aquarium and Pond Fish (2005) (, 500 Aquarium Fish: A Visual Reference to the Most Popular Species, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 00:49. These strong swimmers can flourish even in the most unpleasant of conditions. A true schooling fish, Neon tetra look amazing in large groups in a well-planted aquarium. Males and female both have long "bristles" on their nose, the males having distinctly longer ones. Otherwise a peaceful species. You like watching your pet fish actively swimming around the tank. Not as common as other livebearers in the aquarium trade. Freshwater sardinella (English), Tabagak (Cebuano), Tamban (Cebuano), Tamban … All are hardy, peaceful, and highly social; keep in groups. Males do spectacular displays with their expanded dorsal and anal fins. Clown loach has a sociable personality and should be kept in at least groups of 5. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. They are best kept and bred in killifish-only aquaria. very peaceful and hardy, and works well with white clouds and neon tetras. Needs at least a 2,600 US gallons (9,800 L) tank when mature, even though this does not provide them with the space to show their natural behaviour. A small shell-dwelling cichlid from Lake Tanganyika. You don’t want to deal with algae in your tank. Needs generous amounts of plants. Some fish have evolved osmoregulatory mechanisms to survive in all kinds of aquatic environments. Requires a very large tank. Also known as shellcracker for its ability to prey on snails. Until recently considered conspecific with the longear sunfish. The body mass of this fish is about 2-14 kilograms. several color varieties; this species is the common angelfish in the aquarium trade. This species is known for predatory behavior toward tankmates. Read why in one of our sterbia care guides. Named for the long, sword-like fin located at its rear, swordtails are another popular breed for both beginner and experienced fishkeepers alike. It is more comfortable in indirect light. Most of all, they love algae, which means that they can also help you keep your tank clean without much effort. Our mission is to grow this hobby that we all love so much and help others run successful aquariums and enjoy them for years to come. Will crossbreed with, Gold and silver varieties commonly found; also thrive in brackish water, The dalmatian molly is a hybrid color variation that can be generated by crossing some species of. They do very well in community tanks and can be kept with other fish species, such as mollies or guppies for example. Could be territorial. Read a cool article we have on the lifespan of a goldfish and the anatomy of a goldfish. You like bright-colored fish to brighten up your tank, but not. This fish is similar to the neon tetra other than coloration. Like the cory cats and other catfish, they’re also bottom-dwellers and eat scrap food at the bottom of the tank. Pleco is a species of catfish that is very popular among freshwater aquarium owners. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The ever-hungry Platy fish are vibrant, friendly fish that can be found in a variety of colors. Even though they look pretty small at the pet shop, they can actually grow up to 5 inches in length, which can easily make a small tank crowded. Our team is made up of several writers all of whom are experienced fish-keepers, store owners and writers within the hobby. the black phantom tetra enjoy being in groups of 6 or more and a slightly shaded tank. This particular fish above was caught with the help and expertise from fishermen who’ve done it … Cherry barbs get their name from the cherry red color that males get when spawning young. Pompano (Florida) R. Rainbow Trout (farm-raised) S. Sablefish. They may eat pond snails kept in aquariums. various color varieties, the discus requires high water quality and a varied diet. They’re best kept in a 20 to 30-gallon tank that’s decorated with synthetic plants, as goldfish have the nasty habit of digging into roots. Among the less aggressive of the sunfishes. Note that Amphilophus labiatus is also called red devil cichlid, Note that Amphilophus citrinellus is also called red devil cichlid, Exceptionally beautiful adult coloration; large adult size, Common, very easy to breed, aggressive. Freshwater Ecology. Mostly found in water bodies in Asia and Europe. Also, you’re entertained by the image of catfish trying to launch themselves out of water. Females are larger than males. US), Numerous color and fin pattern varieties. I don’t think there will ever be an article written about the most popular tropical fish that does not include these fish. Family and History: It is classified under Cyprinus. Contrary to popular belief, mollies shouldn’t be kept in small tanks. Wild type females are larger and much less red than males. These fish are the easiest way to combat the spread of hydra, a freshwater polyp that can quickly kill off fish fry and smaller fish species. Pearl gourami are usually included in tanks, not for aesthetics, but for the benefit they provide. Peaceful and dwells at the top of the tank in schools. Can be aggressive if kept in small numbers, aim for a group of 6 or more. Despite their beauty, the discus is one of the least hardy aquarium fishes available. 1/8 to 3" Tadpoles are young frogs and toads. The largest of the shovelnoses, this catfish grows huge and will need a 450 US gallons (1,700 L) min when mature. Neon tetras usually grow just up to 2 centimeters long and are fine in a smaller tank of 5-10 gallons. They are not that difficult to take care of though they do need a larger tank of around 30 to 50 gallons since they enjoy swimming around. This means the taxonomy of fish (i.e. The oscar is one of the more hardy cichlids, and can be put with other large cichlids. Most walleye are filleted, but they can be cooked in a variety of ways, including frying, baking, and broiling. Very aware of environment outside of aquarium, making it an engaging "wet pet." One of the several fish sold under this name. Their mouths look small, but may eat smaller fish, as they can open their mouths very wide. You like breeding fish. This kind of fish is found in a flaming gorge reservoir, Lake Mohave, Aral Sea, and more places. You can learn the natural history for each species as well as some cool facts. Freshwater ecosystems are essential for human survival, providing the majority of people's drinking water. Why is my goldfish gasping for air? this species may be sold as Siamese algae eater. Other than this, Pearl gouramis are rather friendly and can live peacefully with other fish in a community tank of at least 30 gallons and have lots of hiding spaces. There are many types, and they vary widely in their size, needs and temperament. Accepts a variety of foods (flakes, pellets, krill, brine shrimp, bloodworms, and live prey). Less aggressive with members of its own species than most pencilfish; males rarely spar. Read our Plecostomus complete care guide for more information on this amazing fish. Rainbowfish may seem like any other regular fish at first glance, but give them a few years and they’ll grow into stunning and vibrantly colored fish. Thanks to their unique look and relatively cheap price, they are a very popular choice in pet stores. They are called Kissing Gouramis because the seem to pucker their lips outwards. This olive-green fish can reach a … These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Keep in larger groups in larger tanks to diffuse aggression. This powerful leaper can easily jump out of an aquarium, so keep only in a fully covered tank. An example is freshwater fish. 31.4 cm (12.4 in) at maturity, 37 centimetres (15 in) maximum length. May only eat live food. They are not as hardy as neons and need better water conditions but they’re worth the extra effort as they look much better. A schooling fish (keep in groups). Bass is a popular fish species that can live in both fresh and saltwater, depending on the specific variety (19). Hardiest, easiest-care species of aquarium pencilfish. Although they’re not particularly scaredy-cats, they do like hiding away randomly and tend to get stressed out if they don’t find a place to hide. Actually, the Cory Catfish is used as an aquarium bottom cleaner fish. A standard choice for "nano" tanks due to small adult size. Plaice. Zebra danios never seem to run out of energy! One of the most popular Hypancistrus species. Generally hardy and peaceful. A peaceful algae eater. Swordtails are perfect for beginners since they can withstand almost any water condition, as long as they have their school of at least 5 fish with them. The oscar prefers to be with members of its own species, but this is not a necessity for its well being. You already have a few years of experience under your belt and you want something exotic and premium in your tank. The Phantom tetra goes well with other tetras of similar size. In spite of its small size, it requires a larger tank (30"/29 gal or more), Generally hardy and peaceful. They’re not very picky when it comes to food but they do enjoy snacking on live food occasionally. Will breed in home tanks. Has been highly inbred in the aquarium trade and often shows poor hardiness. Demersal fish: Fish that live on or near the bottom of the ocean are referred to as demersal fish. The gibberosa come from the southern part of the Lake. LARVA An immature stage between egg and adult. Freshwater fish like goldfish are not able to survive in sea water because of the high content of salt. Leopard sailfin pleco, clown sailfin pleco. If you’re wondering which fish can live safely with Tiger Oscars then read our Tiger Oscar tank mate guide. Here are some freshwater fish name mentioned below :- Etheostoma trisella Nocomis leptocephalus Aplodinotus grunniens Notropis chrosomus Cottus Sculpins Etheostoma ditrema Etheostoma jordani Greenbreast Darter Golden Redhorse They also prefer being alone, which means that if you’re planning to put them in a community tank, it has to be at least 20 gallons with lots of space for the betta to hide. O. Orange Roughy. Cory catfish, popularly called cory cats, are bottom-dwellers who feed on food particles that have sunk to the bottom of the tank. Mosquito fish give birth to live young. Populations vary in color and pattern. With over 700 killifish breeds that come in all sorts of color combinations, many fishkeepers enjoy housing this fish in their home aquarium, alongside other fish species. This fish is very hardy and can stand a variety of water qualities. Rarely breeds in captivity. They also like having hiding places where they can relax and lay their eggs, so be sure to keep this in mind when you’re setting up a tank for them. One of the main reason, why so many people own one or more Cory Catfish, is that they eat a lot of algae. One of the few freshwater aquarium fish that survive in cold water. They are very strong fish that, like catfishes, grow... Common Carp. Read our article all about why guppies make great pets. The fish is born with eyes, but they quickly deteriorate leaving behind two scars where the eyes once were. One such fish is the striped bass, and this fish offers more omega-3 than most other bass varieties too. They are fish... Tilapia.. However, not all fishkeepers find it easy to take care of them, so proceed with caution. Indeed, the initial excitement of picking your own fish, designing the tank, and putting everything together may be too much to bear for any pet lover. Often recommended for smaller tanks and first-time cichlid keepers. You like small and brightly colored fish that are easy to care for and look incredible in planted aquariums. In the scientific community it is not considered a cichlid (or any species of fish) because it does not occur naturally in the wild (created by man), for this reason it will not be given a scientific name. The oscar can be messy to look after as they love to dig up plants and scoop up rocks. It needs a cave, and will feed when the aquarium light is out. Males defend small territories. Be very careful when conducting maintenance on their aquarium and hide any wires because they may chew through the waterproof coverings. Very likely to jump out of the aquarium especially after reaching adult size. It will school with similarly sized and tempered fish. This species mainly feeds on algae. A "neon" form is available; both males and females are bright red. A small shell-dwelling cichlid from Lake Tanganyika. Red snapper and gag grouper are both examples of reef fish. Fishkeepingforever is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to,, CJ, Clickbank, Doubletrader, Viglink,, Media Vine and other Affiliate programs. They come in all shapes and sizes but can grow up to 6 inches long and 8 inches tall. Needs good water quality, prefers low light. The Swarm: 6 Neon Tetras, 3 Black Phantom tetras, and 5 Glowing Tetras. You like establishing a healthy relationship with your pets and perhaps even teaching them a couple of tricks too! Brochis is often synonymized with Corydoras. has different varieties including long-fin, albino, golden, etc. Pairs hold small territories around caves or pots and display to neighbors. Peaceful and very bold; for example it is unafraid of gravel cleaners and algae scrubbers. Generally hardy and peaceful; considered a standard choice for less experienced aquarists. Other related fish also share this common name. Corydoras Sterbia is still one of my all-time favorite Cory catfish. The most hardy of all the hatchetfish, but not the most plentiful. A vast number of aquatic species have successfully adapted to live in the freshwater aquarium. Other pencilfish adopt this barred pattern while inactive at night; only N. espei has it at all times. Several color morphs available. 15 Exotic Freshwater Tropical Fish Species Information 1. Aggressive, Very active fish, need many rock caves to allow establishment of territories, Cobalt blue cichlid, cobalt zebra cichlid, 'giraffe' spotting is juvenile coloration only. Pleco is a species of catfish that is very popular among freshwater aquarium owners. Killifish of all species breed in captivity but are short-lived by nature; many species live for 1 year and breeding may be triggered by changes in water or temperature. Ground-level: 6 Dwarf Corydoras such as the Panda Corydoras Catfish, Skunk Corydoras Catfish, or Albino Corydoras Catfish. While zebra danios don’t require much maintenance other than the regular water changes, it’s preferable to house them in a long tank of at least 10 gallons since they enjoy darting all around. A few color varieties have been made from the wild species, even some multicolored. Males may claim small territories and occasionally minor battles may occur. how they are grouped into types) can be difficult to organize. The frontosa have recently been broken up into three separate species. The scientific name of common carp is Cyprinus Carpio. There are many varieties as well as hybrids with other barbs. All guppies and mollies are hardy fish that tolerate lower oxygen levels and temperatures than most aquarium fish, give birth to live young, and readily breed in home tanks. However, just the opposite is true: Angelfish should not be kept with fish that may nip and annoy it such as some large tetras. Outside of this timeframe, though, they’re usually silver or black in color with a line at the side. Firewood catfish, (planiceps) shovelnose catfish. The bleeding heart tetra is distinguished by the small red spot on both sides of the fish. Brochis is often … Needs somewhat more space than N. multifasciatus, Males very aggressive; juveniles distinctively colored, other hemichromis species are sometimes sold under the same name, Lifalili jewel cichlid, blood-red jewel cichlid, Readily breed in small aquaria. Lyretail Mollies are available in all of these species, can be cross bred with any species of Molly. For example, all fish are vertebrates, but hagfish technically don't have a spine. Guppies will always be on the beginners to buy list. Does not breed in captivity. Golden Wonder is the more yellowish variant. albino variation available. This tetra prefers low to moderate lighting. Best kept in a species tank or with very small peaceful fish, to enjoy its beautiful appearance and interesting behavior. Large, small, peaceful, easy and hard to keep tropical freshwater fishes. They generally need a ratio of 1 male to 2 females or more. They are carnivorous in nature and would eat most smaller organisms, though they would do well in a community tank as long as they’re housed with non-aggressive fish. These cookies do not store any personal information. Anadromous fish are born in freshwater, then migrate to the ocean as juveniles where they grow into adults before migrating back into freshwater to spawn.. I really do enjoy pike fishing because these fish are essentially the freshwater version of barracudas. aggressive with fish of same species. Comparing Aquarium Gravel To Sand – Which Is Best For Your Tank? They can get pretty huge, growing up to a length of 20 cm and requiring a tank of at least 25 gallons. Georgia’s freshwater fishes are arranged in 27 different families of fishes, which are groups o… 5. You don’t want big fish. Rasbora can be kept in medium to large schools and are perfectly fine with both a community and single-species tank. Similar to odessa barb but requires somewhat more space. Amphibian. catfishes and minnows), if too large to be eaten. Disease is not a big problem with the black tetra. Massive inbreeding has led to high rates of Dwarf gourami iridovirus (DGIV) in pet store fish. However, they do need some specific water conditions which we explain in our discus care guide. Betta is the name of the, Various color varieties each given a different name (blue gourami, gold gourami, and opaline gourami). Discus are one of the most incredible fish that you will ever keep in a home aquarium. Not actually a type of killifish but a livebearer. 6+ being the preferred size. The name "silver dollar" may also refer to, The red-bellied pacu is a close relative of the. Smaller even than the neon tetra. They are very gentle and can usually be seen swimming lazily in the tank with their school, which consists preferably of 5 to 10 rasboras. Sexually dimorphic; males larger, with expanded dorsal fin. You like a challenge! Bettas can actually survive in just 1-gallon tanks, though no pet lover in their right mind would allow their betta to live in such a condition.
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