Rainbow eucalyptus (Eucalyptus deglupta) is the only eucalyptus tree indigenous to the northern hemisphere. The overall effect is lovely and gives the tree its "rainbow" name. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. A lot of Eucalyptus trees have attractive bark but this is so colourful, as you say, it almost looks artificial. Rainbow Eucalyptus This is the most beautiful eucalyptus tree, with a color palette on its bark. Hi, Cyndi10. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on October 03, 2017: Hi, Willow. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 02, 2015: Hi, vespawoolf. If many are red while the leaves of your friend's trees are still green, you should probably consult an arborist (a tree specialist) in your area to discover the cause. In contrast, the leaves of seedlings are often opposite, sessile and glaucous, but many exceptions to this pattern exist. I have not been to Hawaii, but my husband has. I appreciate your comment very much. It has 8-inch long, silvery-gray leaves. Both people live in Florida. Growing one would indeed be worthwhile. Eucalyptus deglupta is a tall tree, commonly known as the rainbow eucalyptus, Mindanao gum, or rainbow gum. They are often long, narrow, and spear-shaped, although some species (including the rainbow eucalyptus) have wider and more rounded leaves. Great Hub! Faith Reaper from southern USA on May 04, 2015: Congrats on the HOTD! Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 19, 2019: Larry Slawson from North Carolina on March 19, 2019: Wow! The soil conditions need to be moderately wet and sandy or loamy, along with being highly alkaline or mildly acidic. They are brown and woody when ripe and bear a variable number of seeds. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 09, 2015: Thank you very much, Vellur. Question: Is rainbow eucalyptus invasive and can it be planted near a pond? Well-deserved as always. Its natural distribution spans New Britain, New Guinea, Ceram, Sulawesi and Mindanao. Cultivated plant experts say that they should be planted in USDA Hardiness Zones 9 to 11 or in Zones 10 to 11, depending on the source. People who would like to grow the tree should be aware that the colours are often much less intense when the tree is growing outside its native habitat. Once this process is complete, the bark takes over its original brown color all over again and the process begins afresh. ► The rainbow eucalyptus is entirely intolerant of frost and cannot thrive in cold climates. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 08, 2015: Thank you very much for the lovely comment, Audrey. Had no idea such a trea existed. I appreciate them all. Thank you very much, Susan. The leaves of the tree are steam distilled to extract the oil which has been traditionally used for oral hygiene, respiratory illnesses, coughs, colds, bronchitis, fungal infections, and skin wounds. The favorite Eucalyptus trees. However, the quantity of oil produced is less than other eucalyptus trees. Nithya Venkat from Dubai on February 09, 2015: Great hub about the Rainbow Eucalyptus. On others, they have a pastel hue. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. What a beautiful tree, and beautiful hub! Interestingly, this is the only variety of eucalyptus tree that is indigenous to the northern hemisphere. I had no idea this tree existed. However, in more recent times, the tree has been introduced in regions of Southern California, South Florida, and Hawaii as well. She loves to study nature and write about living things. Nature sure has its surprises. The tree is often referred to as a "living work of art". Like many other eucalyptus trees, Eucalyptus deglupta grows quickly and may become very tall. Rumour says that koalas sleep so much due to the influence of the leaves' oil in their diet. Since both the bark and the leaves of your trees are red, an expert's opinion would be valuable. The colours that the trunk develops may be disappointing. Boy, talk about tiny seeds!! It grows at a moderate rate up to 35 feet tall and spreads to about the same width. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Noteworthy Characteristics. Thank you very much, Bill. The trunk of the tree, possessing a diameter of around 6 feet, is noted for its multi hued appearance in summer. Eucalyptus oil may have some health benefits, including opening up the airways in people with breathing problems. Congrats! While fixating on the colors is pretty natural, there are several other factors that make the rainbow eucalyptus a very interesting gift of nature. It typically grows in regions that are moist and humid, like tropical forested areas which receive heavy rainfall. The rainbow eucalyptus would certainly be a beautiful ornamental tree. The rainbow eucalyptus can easily achieve a height of over 250 feet in its natural habitat. A well laid out hub on an unusual subject. The rainbow eucalyptus is a pure delight for any nature-lover, no doubt; however, if you really want to experience this marvel the way nature intended you to, you should plan a trip to one of the places where it is naturally found. What about the habitat? In addition, a variety of new colours are produced. Hi, RoadMonkey. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The trees may survive one night of light frost, but they are frost-intolerant plants. Every individual tree also requires a lot of space to grow to its optimum width and height. Congrats on HOTD! As the surface of the trunk ages, the transparent cells on the top of the outermost bark layer become filled with pigments called tannins. Thanks for the visit. Gum trees are a group of eucalyptus species with a smooth bark that is periodically shed. $14.99 $ 14. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Even though it needs a little extra room to grow properly, it still is acceptable for limited spaces. It is naturally distributed in the forests of Indonesia, the Philippine Islands, Papua New Guinea, and other places in Southeast Asia. Thank you so much for the comment, the vote and the share, ologsinquito! The stamens are the male reproductive organs and the pistil is the female organ. Thanks for the comment, Ziyena. These trees are awesome. My question is my trees arrived green with green leaves but now the bark and the leaves are a red color. The trunk, also quite large, can grow up to a diameter of 6 feet. For example, California Polytechnic State University says the tree grows in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 9 to 11. You may even see entire branches drop and then another grow nearby. This enables people to admire the species without growing their own specimen. They are certainly unusual! Hi, Lady Fiddler. So unusual and pretty at the same time. The highway is famous for having over 600 curves and over 50 bridges, many of them with only one lane. Each layer of bark is covered by a thin, transparent layer of cells which allows us to see the chlorophyll stored in the cells underneath. We're used to beautiful colours in the flowers and fruits of trees and in their autumn leaves, but a coloured trunk is an oddity. It is unique in the Eucalyptus group for naturally growing outside Australia. A multicoloured cross section would be an interesting and lovely sight! The tree is often planted in the hope that it will develop an attractive trunk. I appreciate your visit. As a bud matures, the operculum becomes dark and wrinkled. The name refers to the fact that the operculum covers the stamens and pistil. But I will definitely be on the lookout for it from now on! The rainbow eucalyptus tree, also called Mindanao gum (Eucalyptus deglupta), is native to tropical Indonesia, the Philippines, South America, Central America and the Caribbean and is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11. This particular variant … Question: Are the rings of a cross section colorful as well? The rainbow eucalyptus is like an abstract painting that keeps on changing. Answer: Yes, as I mention in the article, rainbow eucalyptus produces fruits known as gum nuts or gumnuts. This eucalyptus tree, belongs to the Myrtaceae family and is also known as the Mindanao gum, or rainbow gum. It's also cultivated for the production of paper from its wood. The rainbow eucalyptus (Eucalyptus deglupta) is native to the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and Indonesia. The rainbow eucalyptus has tapering leaves that are over 6 inches long and 4 inches wide. Eucalyptus leaves may safely be burned, infused, sprinkled, or stuffed into mojo bags, pillows, and poppets. Tannins may be yellow, brown, or red in colour, depending on the type. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! I have to echo what others have already said, I had no idea this tree existed. The flower buds take the form of a capsule containing the stamens and pistil. Well done! Another problem is that it's impossible to predict how colourful a particular tree will become as it matures. It is usually planted alongside wide roads. The mature trunk is 6 to 8 feet in diameter. The potential height and spread of a mature tree needs to be kept in mind if someone wants to grow one, however. The multicoloured trunk of the rainbow eucalyptus is a unique and highly appreciated feature. Susan Deppner from Arkansas USA on May 04, 2015: The rainbow eucalyptus is beautiful, interesting, and so very photogenic! Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 15, 2015: Thank you very much for the kind comment, Deb! The numerous stamens look like tassels and surround the single, green pistil. Thanks for your posting so we can enjoy this tree. Eucalyptus deglupta, commonly called Mindanao gum or rainbow eucalyptus, is a very large, fast-growing, broadleaved evergreen tree that is native to moist humid tropical forested areas with high rainfall in New Guinea, Indonesia and the Philippine Islands (Island of Mindanao).It is the only eucalyptus tree that is indigenous to the northern hemisphere. Also known as the Mindanao gum or rainbow gum, the rainbow eucalyptus is a tall tree that is unique in that it's the only eucalyptus to live in the rainforest and only one of four species found outside of Australia.It can be found in the Philippines, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea, where it can soar up to 250 feet in the air. So , I push the limits and grow as bonsai :-). It is the only Eucalyptus species found naturally in the Northern Hemisphere. I don't think I've ever seen it here in Australia. Eucalyptus trees are common in the Andes mountains of Peru, but I´ve never seen this variety. -- Eucalyptus microtheca has been a mainstay in many yards over the years. As layer upon layer is shed, a new color is revealed. They release a pleasant scent when crushed. 3) Be used either by the broken leaves alone or possibly as a combination of both leaves and the gum from the trees as a form of a poultice. Hi, hostaguy. I had never heard of this tree before and enjoyed learning about it--your pictures are fascinating and the Rainbow Eucalyptus Tree is a gorgeous part of nature. I never even knew about this, until now. The problem is that there’s no way to know for certain how big a particular tree will grow. Gorgeous article! Although you cannot eat fresh, whole eucalyptus leaves, dried leaves can be … Rainbow eucalyptus trees can be an impressive landscaping element. If only a few leaves are red, there's probably not a major problem. ► Termites and beetle borers can cause a lot of harm to the tree, especially young plants. LakuszBel and amelia, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 4.0 License. Beautiful trees and so astonishing that they are living works of art. ologsinquito from USA on February 01, 2015: That tree shown in the video is amazing. However, it has been observed that the bark is less colorful when grown outside tropical areas. The seeds are tiny and may be difficult to handle. Eucalyptus leaves were infused with body pains, fevers, and chills. One said that “several years” of growth are required before a color change is noted and that patience is required. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Timing, Timing, Timing: When to Mulch Your Garden & Yard. Voted this up and awesome. I went to Hawaii many years ago, but I don't remember seeing a rainbow eucalyptus tree. That is so cool. Some species in the genus produce copious amounts of oil, which is volatile as well as aromatic. Nice one! Overtime, the light shade turns into a dark green color which runs into shades of blue, pink, red, purple, orange and every other color of the rainbow. Thank you very much for the return visit and the congratulations, Flourish! What a shame they wouldn't grow here - too cold. The trees grow best in full sunlight and moist soil. Overview Information Eucalyptus is a tree. Most grow in Australia, which contains hundreds of species belonging to the genus. Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on February 05, 2015: How cool is that. ► In areas where the tree grows naturally, the rainbow eucalyptus is mainly used for its wood―as construction lumber or plywood, for making cabinets, boats, and particleboard, and joinery. Tricia Deed from Orlando, Florida on May 04, 2015: What an unusual and beautiful tree. The smell of the leaves are so refreshing. The name "eucalyptus" comes from two Greek words—"eu", which means well, and "calyptos", which means covered. You have packed a lot of information about the tree in your hub. Alicia, although I've commented on this hub awhile back, I wanted to congratulate you for the HOTD, too! All eucalyptus trees and shrubs belong to the genus Eucalyptus, which is in the myrtle family, or the Myrtaceae. Question: I live in a USDA zone 9. The smooth, orange tinted trunk bark peels off in summer, revealing a plethora of colors in the new bark layer, symbolizin… When crushed, the leaves give off a mild, aromatic after smell. ziyena from the United States on October 09, 2018: Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on June 26, 2018: That's an interesting way to describe the colour pattern on some of the trunks! The tree also has small white flowers which bloom at different times during the year, depending on the location. What gives this tree its unique characteristic and several other facts about the same will be highlighted here. Joanna Chandler from On Planet Earth on January 30, 2015: WAW!!! Well-deserved! Answer: The tree requires a zone 10 or 11 environment, according to the Missouri Botanical Garden. How lovely! However, great care needs to be taken when using the wood for making furniture; the wood needs to be dried properly so that it does not crack. The protective magick of Eucalyptus is short-lived but very potent. Answer: People who grow rainbow eucalyptus in North America say that the trees don’t develop a coloured bark until they are about three years old and the trunk is about two to three inches thick. Great article. I'll have to research that a little more. I live in South Florida and the trees are located in full sunlight close to an acre-sized pond. It's also known as the Indonesian gum tree and the Mindanao gum after the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. amelia, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.0 License, The distribution of Eucalyptus; the rainbow eucalyptus is the only species in the genus whose range extends into the northern hemisphere, Sarefo, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 License. The Rainbow Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus deglupta) is a native of the Island of Mindanao in the Phillipines and other islands southwards towards New Guinea. Maggie Griess from Ontario, Canada on October 08, 2015: This is another awesome tree. Thank you very much for your comments, whonunuwho! We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Good read with loads of valuble information. It is the only Eucalyptus species that usually lives in rainforest, with a natural range that extends into the northern hemisphere and is one of only four eucalypt species out of more than seven hundred that do not occur in Australia. Congrats on this HOTD that is very well written and has beautiful pictures! The Eucalyptus deglupta seed's germination period is erratic and may occur anytime between 14 and 90 days after sowing. The unique multi-hued bark is the most distinctive feature of the tree. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions, How to Make or Choose the Best Weed Killer Spray, How to Use & Source Eco Mulch for Your Garden. They have no petals or sepals. Based on a brief investigation, he has come up with a tentative theory to explain the colour change in the rainbow eucalyptus tree trunk. What a beautiful tree! Hi, Peg. After pollination and fertilization have taken place, the capsule becomes a woody fruit, which contains the seeds. However, when growing outside its natural habitat, the tree will only achieve a height of 100-125 feet. They offer to help people who have a gardening question. Thank you for sharing your experience, My Bell. I still loved this hub. I appreciate all your support. Hi, Shades-of-truth. Question: How big is the root system of the rainbow eucalyptus? In this following Gardenerdy article, we will let you in on some of the most interesting facts about this tree. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on October 08, 2015: Thank you very much for the kind comment, Scribenet! Eucalyptus Rainbow trees thrive in USDA zones 10 and 11. Eucalyptus leaves are leathery and hang from the branches. Eucalyptus tereticornis with leaves, flower buds, capsules, flowers, and fruits, Eyhel Aardvark, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 License. Voted up and shared. Gosh, what a pretty tree. Greensleeves Hubs from Essex, UK on April 27, 2016: That is one amazing tree Linda! Answer: According to the Missouri Botanical Garden, the answer is no. It has been suggested that the shedding of the tree's bark reduces the growth of plants and parasites on its trunk. The rainbow eucalyptus may grow as much as three feet in a year. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on January 30, 2015: Hi, Pamela. Young trees have a conical crown with a leader and almost horizontal branches. The dried leaves and oil are used to make medicine. These would make beautiful ornamental trees if you live in the right type of climate. The peeling bark is really beautiful. The leaves are approximately 6 inches long with a narrow, spear-shape and a grey-ish green appearance in color. They are accompanied by white clusters of blooms t… But I want to see some real ones. It would be hard for me to see a rainbow eucalyptus destroyed, though! I would be constantly looking at my rainbow eucalyptus if I had one in my garden, too! Question: Can rainbow eucalyptus grow in zones 8b and 9a? The spread of the tree is 60 to 125 feet. Thanks for the congrats, Faith. A very informative hub. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. They make much less oil than the leaves of some other species of eucalyptus, however, and aren't used for the commercial production of the oil. On some trees, the colours are so vibrant and rich that they look artificial. From shop BugambiliaArtPrints ... Rainbow Eucalyptus Tree - art print - Hawaiian painting - Colorful Tropical Decor - Hawaiian Interior Design - Eucalyptus deglupta Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. shrubs or trees make attractive landscaping plants with their showy red or white flowers and aromatic leaves. Pollination is usually carried out by bees. When the Eucalyptus deglupta reaches 10 to 12 inches in height, it is ready to be transplanted into the landscape. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. As the tree matures, the colors constantly change. The tree can be huge and grows up to 250 feet tall in its native environment. This is certainly a beautiful tree. The main component of a koala's diet is eucalyptus leaves. Thank you, Kristen. They are certainly amazing trees! The leaves of the Rainbow Eucalyptus have glands which secrete aromatic oils. This layer then changes colour. I have read that it’s considered to be invasive in some parts of the United States. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 09, 2020: Thank you for the comment, Jean. Q. Eucalyptus Trees In Wet Ground - Knowing that eucalyptus trees take up a lot of water, I was hoping that I could plant trees in areas ... Q. Root System Of Eucalyptus Tree - I have a eucalptus tree in my small town garden. The flowering begins only after a few years of germination. You did a great job on it. 99 ($3.75/Ounce) Get it as soon as Fri, Dec 4. Thanks for the heads up. I hope to see it in person someday. Thank you for the comment, votes and shares, Mary! By sleeping up to twenty hours a day, koalas reduce their energy expenditure. Question: At what age do the Rainbow Eucalyptus' bark colors become obvious? The oil must be sufficiently diluted before use. I like the ones with the palers colours, too. I appreciate your visit and comment a great deal. Answer: I’ve read two reports related to your question from people who have rainbow eucalyptus trees. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It's a beautiful tree. Thanks :). From shop KorysPhotography. Yes, the rainbow eucalyptus trees with the vivid colours are truly amazing. 40 feet may be okay, but it’s a little risky. Thanks once again for piquing my curiosity and answering so many questions. Thank you for the visit. They require a lot of water as well as warmth. If you contact the San Antonio Botanical Garden, the staff might be able to tell you where rainbow eucalyptus trees have been planted in the state. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. So are your pictures. They do have stamens and a pistil, however. I love the smell of eucalyptus, too! This was interesting to learn. Very interesting, and I certainly hope to get to see this tree live one day. Although, as many people would like to believe, the end product is white like any regular paper and does not take on a rainbow hue. ► If marsh-like conditions are prolonged, the water can lead to root rot. frank nyikos from 8374 E State Rd 45 Unionville IN 47468 on May 04, 2015: Linda, I'm so glad this article was chosen as Hub of the Day. More research needs to be performed in relation to its possible benefits, however. Answer: No, it isn't rare, though it's most common in environments that are suitable for its growth. Anointing oils of Eucalyptus are excellent for cleansing ritual tools. Professor David Lee is a botany professor at Florida International University who has explored the production of colour in plants. If it likes warm weather, I wonder is it would grow in S. Florida. Both my trees are healthy. Eucalyptus wall art, Botanical Minimalist decor, Set of 2 Eucalyptus leaves printable, Botanical printable art, Plant art, 5x7, 8x10, 11x14 BugambiliaArtPrints. Such shedding reveals the inner green bark that gradually changes to different shades of red, blue, and even purple – hence the name, rainbow eucalyptus. Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) I agree - it is a gorgeous tree. 2 Packs Artificial Silver Dollar Eucalyptus Leaves Garland 6 Feet Faux Seeded Eucalyptus Greenery Hanging Garland Vine for Wedding Baby Shower Holiday Greens 4.5 out of … Alun. With its multicolored bark, the rainbow eucalyptus is a delight to witness. It is one of the fastest growing trees (one specimen reached a height of 32 feet in just about 18 months) growing at over 3 feet per year. Deb Hirt from Stillwater, OK on February 15, 2015: I found this both remarkable and filled with much knowledge. Continue to keep the soil moist. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The bark of a rainbow eucalyptus tree growing in Hawaii, Mann jess, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 License. I would love to own on for a lot of reasons, but one of the best would be to let it inspire me to write children's stores. Eucalyptus leaves are leathery and hang from the branches. Voted up. If you want to grow a rainbow eucalyptus where you live, it would be best to consult a local expert who has experience with growing the tree in your climate or who has knowledge about the likelihood of growing the tree successfully in your area. frank nyikos from 8374 E State Rd 45 Unionville IN 47468 on January 30, 2015: Cool. Will share here and on my "Tree" Pin board. Thank you for sharing Linda! Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 12, 2015: Thanks for the comment and the pin, Peggy! Thank you very much for the comment, stevbonhage. Yes, the tree is very beautiful! Thank you very much for the kind congratulations and the comment, Bill. The Rainbow Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus deglupta) is a fast-growing evergreen, widely known for its gorgeous bark that peels away in strips revealing various shades of colors including green, red, orange, blue and purple. The fruits are often known as gum nuts (or gumnuts). Not a lot info about that. Congratulations on HOTD honors today! Thanks for sharing this knowledge. Are red leaves typical of the Rainbow Eucalyptus? It is a large, fast-growing, evergreen tree, with broad leaves that has a life span of 50-150 years. I appreciate your visit and the beautiful angels that you send. The appearance of the bark of the Rainbow Eucalyptus tree is amazing, almost cartoonish with its vibrant coloring. The garden's web page says that the rainbow eucalyptus grows in zones 10 and 11. I appreciate it. Very little work has been done to discover why the different colours are produced, however. It makes you want to travel to the Philippines to see it or Indonesia to see it. How unfortunate that they're simply harvested for paper. I learned something new today. Thanks for the visit. I should have seen this before, but better late than never - well done and congrats on the HOTD award it received. The mature tree may reach a height of 100 to a 150 feet in its native habitat—or even taller—but only 60 to 80 feet in other areas. Many species are widely cultivated as shade trees or in forestry plantations for their useful timber. Even though the tree is most famous for its rainbow-hued trunk, it is also recorded to be one of the fastest growing trees in the world. Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on January 30, 2015: I think this is a gorgeous tree. The stamens and the pistil then emerge from the bud. Is It Worth My Time to Use Natria Weed Killer? It has rounded, gray leaves clustered in rows along stems, hence its alternate name, silver dollar tree. Today, people are seeing more problems with their eucalyptus bushes. Kristen Howe from Northeast Ohio on May 04, 2015: You're very welcome. Repeated or heavy frost will kill them. I appreciate your comment and congratulations very much. Thank you very much for the kind comment. I think they're so pretty. When a large number of trees grow near each other, the evaporated oil sometimes forms a mist in the air. In some places, the plant can be seen in botanical gardens. Imported to the United States around 1860, the trees are native to Australia and up until 1990 were relatively pest and disease free. The concentrated form is dangerous if it's taken internally or if it comes into contact with the skin. Thank you very much for the comment. Thanks for the comment, the congrats and the vote. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Congratulations on the Hub of the Day award! The things God has created is so awesome for the eyes to see. Hi, firstday. The rainbow eucalyptus is an unusual tree with a beautiful trunk. I've never travelled along the highway, but it's said to have other attractions besides the rainbow eucalyptus trees, including waterfalls. I still have this tree listed on my "keep an eye out to find" list. The tree does need a lot of water, but you should probably contact an expert at a garden centre to see if placing it near a pond is the best location for the pond as well as the tree.