The word of Hashem came to me:and say: O mortal, turn your face toward Gog of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. Ibn ‘Ashur commented on this tradition, writing: وَلَا يُعْرَفُ بِالضَّبْطِ وَقْتُ انْطِلَاقِهِمْ مِنْ بِلَادِهِمْ وَلَا سَبَبُ ذَلِكَ وَيُقَدَّرُ أَنَّ انْطِلَاقَهُمْ كَانَ أَوَاخِرَ الْقَرْنِ السَّادِسِ الْهِجْرِيِّ وَتَشَتَّتُ مُلْكِ الْعَرَبِ بِأَيْدِي الْمَغُولِ وَالتَّتَرِ مِنْ خُرُوجِ جَنْكِيزْ خَانَ الْمَغُولِيِّ وَاسْتِيلَائِهِ عَلَى بُخَارَى سَنَةَ سِتَّ عَشْرَةَ وَسِتِّمَائَةٍ مِنَ الْهِجْرَةِ. [114] In 1251, the French friar André de Longjumeau informed his king that the Mongols originated from a desert further east, and an apocalyptic Gog and Magog ("Got and Margoth") people dwelled further beyond, confined by the mountains. [51] It is not entirely clear what Sallam saw, but he may have reached the Jade Gate and the westernmost customs point on the border of China. [106] After the Empire became Christian, Ambrose (d. 397) identified Gog with the Goths, Jerome (d. 420) with the Scythians, and Jordanes (died c. 555) said that Goths, Scythians and Amazons were all the same; he also cited Alexander's gates in the Caucasus. Ya'juj Ma'juj (Gog & MaGog) and Zul-Qarnain Thousands of years ago, the barbarous tribes of Yajuj and Ma'juj were imprisoned behind an iron wall built by Zul-Qarnain. [72][73] These powers cannot be defeated through military force and are to be overcome through prayer and divine intervention. وفي وسط هذا الجزء التّاسع هو السّدّ الّذي بناه الإسكندر كما قلناه والصّحيح من خبره في القرآن. A Mosque in the area of Medina, possibly: This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 08:29. [68], The 1st-century Jewish historian Josephus identified the Gog and Magog people as Scythians, horse-riding barbarians from around the Don and the Sea of Azov. [91], This Gog and Magog legend is not found in earlier versions of the Alexander romance of Pseudo-Callisthenes, whose oldest manuscript dates to the 3rd century,[l] but an interpolation into recensions around the 8th century. [107][u] The Byzantine writer Procopius said it was the Huns Alexander had locked out, and a Western monk named Fredegar seems to have Gog and Magog in mind in his description of savage hordes from beyond Alexander's gates who had assisted the Byzantine emperor Heraclius (610–641) against the Muslim Saracens. GOG AND MAGOG WERE WILD TRIBES: They behaved like animals and formed chaos for the Turks … This indicates that the Gog and Magog wall might be covered with dirt, snow or sand. I said, “O Messenger of Allah, will we perish while there are still righteous people among us?” The Prophet (ṣ) said: Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 3168, Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi. They have also been depicted on Medieval cosmological maps, or mappae mundi, sometimes alongside Alexander's wall. [k][86][87], Pseudo-Methodius (7th century[88]) is the first source in the Christian tradition for a new element: two mountains moving together to narrow the corridor, which was then sealed with a gate against Gog and Magog. The Qur’an describes a story of Dhū’l-Qarnayn’s wall against Gog and Magog. It is God's message to Gog of Magog and his allies, who dwell far to the north of the Promised Land and of Ezekiel's place of exile in Babylon but will one day come down into the land of Israel with a vast invasion force. So Alexander built a wall to hold out the wicked peoples. "[20], Internal evidence indicates that the Gog oracle was composed substantially later than the chapters around it. Then one day, as they stop scratching for the night, one will say tomorrow we will finish God Willing, and in the morning, it is not restored as with everything night. They are arranged as follows: Ezekiel 38:1-13 – The Lord’s anger with Gog and his armies for their attack on Israel during the Millennium. There, he met a people who were threatened by Gog and Magog (Yajuj and Majuj). Indeed, there is evidence from the Sunnah that the wall was already beginning to crumble in the time of the Prophet (ṣ). This idea is also in the Quran (609–632 CE[89][90]), and found its way in the Western Alexander Romance. [42], Two chapters Al Kahf and Al-Anbiya of the Quran discuss Gog and Magog. Based on Rubruck stating elsewhere "There are other enclosures in which there are Jews", Simek, Rudolf (2005) "the emergence of the viking age: circumstances and conditions", "The vikings first Europeans VIII – XI century – the new discoveries of archaeology", other, pp. Romanized Jewish historian Josephus knew them as the nation descended from Magog the Japhetite, as in Genesis, and explained them to be the Scythians. "[141] Officials from the Bush Administration claim there is no record of this conversation and that making such references, "doesn't sound at all like Bush. Yet he warned that Allah would remove the wall in the end times. In one version, "Goth and Magoth" are kings of the Unclean Nations, driven beyond a mountain pass by Alexander, and blocked from returning by his new wall. All Reubenites are held to be descendants of Reuben in the view of the Torah, but it is unclear what family relationship Gog's father Joel has with the sons of Reuben in verse 3. Magog is described in Genesis 10:2 and 1 Chronicles 1:5 as a grandson of Noah. One of them says: Go back and we will dig tomorrow. [54] This is in contradiction with many reports in Sunni sources, including those in Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, which indicate they will indeed, be from the Children of Adam, and this is the belief of the overwhelming majority of Islamic scholars. [53], According to Shia sources, Yajooj and Majooj are not from the Children of Adam (the human race). [32] The 1st-century Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum, which retells Biblical history from Adam to Saul, is notable for listing and naming seven of Magog's sons, and mentions his "thousands" of descendants. Note the change in loyalties. The Gog Magog prophecies are actually a series of 5 messages given to the prophet Ezekiel directly from God. Referred to in the Qur'an in Surah Al-Kahf, Zul-Qarnain was a pious and just king. Tooman's view is that the "latter days" means "the end of history-as-we-know-it and the initiation of a new historical age". [112], After the Khazars came the Mongols, seen as a mysterious and invincible horde from the east who destroyed Muslim empires and kingdoms in the early 13th century; kings and popes took them for the legendary Prester John, marching to save Christians from the Muslim Saracens, but when they entered Poland and Hungary and annihilated Christian armies a terrified Europe concluded that they were "Magogoli", the offspring of Gog and Magog, released from the prison Alexander had constructed for them and heralding Armageddon. [5] Dhul-Qarnayn, having journeyed to the ends of the world, meets "a people who scarcely understood a word" who seek his help in building a barrier that will separate them from the people of Yajuj and Majuj who "do great mischief on earth". The name Magog is equally obscure, but may come from the Assyrian mat-Gugu, "Land of Gyges", i.e., Lydia. The conflation of Gog and Magog with the legend of Alexander and the Iron Gates was disseminated throughout the Near East in the early centuries of the Christian and Islamic era. The legend of Gog and Magog and the gates was also interpolated into the Alexander romances. [134] But as the century progressed, apocalyptic expectations receded as the populace in Europe began to adopt an increasingly secular worldview. [o][94], Gog and Magog appear in somewhat later Old French versions of the romance. [110][111] Arab traveler ibn Fadlan also reported of this belief, writing around 921 he recorded that "Some hold the opinion that Gog and Magog are the Khazars". He cites Ibn Kathir, who said that it contradicts the Quran: وإسناده جيد قوي ولكن متنه في رفعه نكارة لان ظاهر الآية يقتضي أنهم لم يتمكنوا من ارتقائه ولا من نقبه لإحكام بنائه وصلابته وشدته ولكن هذا قد روي عن كعب الأحبار … ولعل أبا هريرة تلقاه من كعب فانه كان كثيراً ما كان يجالسه ويحدثه فحدث به أبو هريرة فتوهم بعض الرواة عنه انه مرفوع فرفعه والله اعلم. However, other scholars interpreted this prediction as an event that has already occurred. [140] US President George W. Bush, in the prelude to the 2003 Invasion of Iraq, Bush told French President Jacques Chirac, "Gog and Magog are at work in the Middle East." [145], Pair of individuals, peoples, or lands in the Bible and the Qur'an, For the Gog and Magog statues in London, see. [100][101][102] In the 13th-century French Roman d'Alexandre en prose, Alexander has an encounter with cannibals who have taken over the role of Gog and Magog. They asked for him to defend them. Russia is the furthest country directly north of Israel. [68][69][70][71] Ahmadiyya exegeses draw upon the etymological connection of the Arabic cognate Yaʾjūj wa-Maʾjūj with the underlying themes of blazing fire, hastiness and boiling water to what is viewed as the superlative industrial use of fire and steam by these peoples and to their restless political character. It is estimated that their release was during the latter of the sixth century Hijri. The wall has already been destroyed and Gog and Magog went through it, while they and their predecessors will emerge again one last time before the Hour. At one point, it was the Turks, who threatened Baghdad and northern Iran;[48] later, when the Mongols destroyed Baghdad in 1258, it was they who were Gog and Magog. Some accounts and maps began to place the “Caspian Mountains”, and Gog and Magog, just outside the Great Wall of China. They return to it even stronger than before until their term arrives. It will not be the first time they have emerged. [121] Friar André's placement of Gog and Magog far east of Mongolia has been similarly explained. [aa][132], The author of the Travels of Sir John Mandeville, a 14th-century best-seller, said he had found these Jews in Central Asia where as Gog and Magog they had been imprisoned by Alexander, plotting to escape and join with the Jews of Europe to destroy Christians. Gog is the leader of the horde and prince of Meshech, and Tubal. [137][138], Some post-Cold War millenarians still identify Gog with Russia, but they now tend to stress its allies among Islamic nations, especially Iran. [66], Historian and exegete Ibn Kathir mentioned similar theories in his book Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya. The Prophet made a circle with this thumb and finger. When he was traveling the world, he imprisoned the gog and magog behind a very thick wall of Iron,wood and coal. He said, ‘This is a mercy from my Lord, but when the promise of my Lord comes, He will make it level; the promise of my Lord is ever true.’. Magog is the “chief prince” (or most prominent) of his brothers, Meshech and Tubal. [22] The confederation thus represents a multinational alliance surrounding Israel. There is no doubt that Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj are two huge nations of the sons of Adam. [133], In the early 19th century, some Hasidic rabbis identified the French invasion of Russia under Napoleon as "The War of Gog and Magog". [33] The Samaritan Torah and the Septuagint (a Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible made during the last few centuries of the pre-Christian era) occasionally introduce the name of Gog where the Hebrew original has something else, or use Magog where the Hebrew has Gog, indicating that the names were interchangeable. The Arab kingdoms were scattered at the hands of the Mongols and Tartars since the emergence of Ghengis Khan and his occupation of Bukhara in the year 616 Hijri. Gog is a shortened version of Magog. [15], The Biblical "Gog and Magog" possibly gave derivation of the name Gogmagog, a legendary British giant. Bring me sheets of iron,’ until he had leveled them between the two mountain walls. Praise be to Allah. The Ethiopic version derives from the lost Arabic version (, The first invasion, prophesied to occur 826 years after Alexander predicted, has been worked out to fall on 1 October 514; the second invasion on A.D. 629 (. The first of them would pass the lake of Tiberias and drink out of it. Zaynab bint Jahsh reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, came to visit me one day while he was frightened and he said: لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَيْلٌ لِلْعَرَبِ مِنْ شَرٍّ قَدْ اقْتَرَبَ فُتِحَ الْيَوْمَ مِنْ رَدْمِ يَأْجُوجَ وَمَأْجُوجَ مِثْلُ هَذِهِ. The oldest manuscript is recension α. The material is not found in the oldest Greek, Latin, Armenian, and Syriac versions. The opening of Gog and Magog and their first emergence has already happened, and they caused corruption on the earth against people generally, and against Muslims and Arabs specifically, such as the trials of the Tartars, in the east, and the battles in European lands. It is not known exactly what time they would be released from their lands, nor the cause of it. An opening has been made today in the barrier Gog and Magog like this. In the 9th and 10th centuries these kingdoms were identified by some with the lands of the Khazars, a Turkic people who had converted to Judaism and whose empire dominated Central Asia–the 9th-century monk Christian of Stavelot referred to Gazari, said of the Khazars that they were "living in the lands of Gog and Magog" and noted that they were "circumcised and observing all [the laws of] Judaism". If Gog and Magog are still behind the wall mentioned in the Quran, where are they today and where is their wall? The gates were a popular subject in medieval travel literature, starting with the Alexander Romance in a version from perhaps the 7th century. This is the aforementioned element first seen in pseudo-Methodius. Every man’s sword will be against his brother. Many historical documents suggest that their conquests of other territories was retaliation in response to the encroachment upon tribal lands by Christian missionaries, and perhaps by the Saxon Wars prosecuted by Charlemagne and his kin to the south. [b][12] In Revelation, Gog and Magog together are the hostile nations of the world. [t][28], Early Christian writers (e.g. The Gates of Alexander was a legendary barrier supposedly built by Alexander the Great in the Caucasus to keep the uncivilized barbarians of the north (typically associated with Gog and Magog ) from invading the land to the south. However, Shaykh al-Wadi’i mentioned this tradition in his book of traditions with authentic chains but hidden defects in their text. There is no indication that they have not emerged before that, as the meaning of ‘emerge’ is to transfer from one location to another. The Septuagint reads "Agag" instead of "Gog" in Numbers 24:7. There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is His Messenger, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Principles of enjoining good and forbidding evil, Forty Hadith al-Nawawi in English and Arabic, Sexual consent, marriage, and concubines in Islam, Forty Hadith on Purification of the Heart, Showing love and affection to unbelievers, Al-Mundhiri on the five obligatory prayers, Al-Mundhiri on fasting from evil words and deeds. The mountains will be overturned, the cliffs will crumble and every wall will fall to the ground. [83][i], In the Syriac Alexander Legend dating to 629–630, Gog (Syriac: ܓܘܓ‎, gwg) and Magog (Syriac: ܡܓܘܓ‎ܵ, mgwg) appear as kings of Hunnish nations. Gog and Magog are said to engage in human cannibalism in the It is said that Gog and Magog wall is made of metal behind which Yajuj Majuj are trapped, they try to dig a hole in it every day but fail to complete it. Gog is the LAND where Magog and his brothers settled. [p][96] In the verse Roman d'Alexandre, Branch III, of Lambert le Tort (c. 1170), Gog and Magog ("Gos et Margos", "Got et Margot") were vassals to Porus, king of India, providing an auxiliary force of 400,000 men. A legend was attached to Gog and Magog by the time of the Roman period, that the Gates of Alexander were erected by Alexander the Great to repel the tribe. In Ezekiel 38, Gog is an individual and Magog is his land; in Genesis 10 Magog is a man, but no Gog is mentioned; and centuries later Jewish tradition changed Ezekiel's "Gog from Magog" into "Gog and Magog", which is the form in which they appear in the Christian New Testament's Book of Revelation, although there they are peoples rather than individuals. The Quran also describes the righteous ruler Dhul al-Qarnayn as building a wall to prevent them from emerging. So Noah had a son named Japheth who had a son named Magog who settled Turkey. [139] For the most fervent, the countdown to Armageddon began with the return of the Jews to Israel, followed quickly by further signs pointing to the nearness of the final battle—nuclear weapons, European integration, Israel's reunification of Jerusalem in the Six Day War in 1967, and America's wars in Afghanistan and the Persian Gulf. Worth Press Ltd, 2000, (Shahadat-ul-Qur’an, Ruhani Khazain, Volume 6, Pages 361-362, "Version anglo-normande en vers de l'Apocalypse", "The Commentary of Rashi on Isaiah and the Jewish-Christian Debate", "Iskandar Oversees the Building of the Wall", "Story of Ya'juj and Ma'juj (Gog and Magog) form The Quran - Link To Islam", "From Alexander to Marco Polo, from Text to Image: The Marvels of India", "Take the World by Prose: Modes of Possession in the, "Text, Image and Contradiction in the Devisement du monde", "It's Impossible to Count the Things Wrong With the Negligent, Spurious, Distorted New Biography of George W. Bush", "The Gog and Magog Tradition in Revelation 20:8", "Typological Problems in Medieval Alexander Literature: The Enclosure of Gog and Magog", "A Christian Legend concerning Alexander", "Observations and Beliefs: The World of the Catalan Atlas", "Ch. The Tartar Relation, an obscure account of Friar Carpini's 1240s journey to Mongolia, is unique in alleging that these Caspian Mountains in Mongolia, "where the Jews called Gog and Magog by their fellow countrymen are said to have been shut in by Alexander", were moreover purported by the Tartars to be magnetic, causing all iron equipment and weapons to fly off toward the mountains on approach. [a][8][9][10], The form "Gog and Magog" may have emerged as shorthand for "Gog and/of the land of Magog", based on their usage in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. Rabbi Schwartz then referred to a verse in Ezekiel that prophesied about the heads of the pre-Messiah war of Gog and Magog. 5938–6287). Verse 2 tells us that Gog is the LAND of Magog. And when the last of them would pass, he would say: There was once water there. [49] The wall dividing them from civilised peoples was normally placed towards today's Armenia and Azerbaijan, but in the year 842 the Caliph Al-Wathiq had a dream in which he saw that it had been breached, and sent an official named Sallam to investigate may be related Ergenekon. Then a people whom Allah had protected from him (dajjal) would come to Isa, son of Maryam (alaihimas salam), and he would wipe their faces and would inform them of their ranks in Paradise and it would be under such conditions that Allah would reveal to Isa (alaihis salam) these words: I have brought forth from amongst My servants such people against whom none would be able to fight; you take these people safely to Tur, and then Allah would send Gog and Magog and they would swarm down from every slope.

gog magog wall

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